Assessment of Hazard Perception Skill in Drivers: The Role of Personality Factors and Driving Skills

Young novice drivers are one of the most risky groups in terms of accident involvement. This can be partly explained by novice drivers undeveloped hazard perception skill, which is broadly defined as the ability to antici…

Young novice drivers are one of the most risky groups in terms of accident involvement. This can be partly explained by novice drivers undeveloped hazard perception skill, which is broadly defined as the ability to anticipate road situations that are caused by the interaction of multiple road users. In addition to poor skills related to perceiving hazards, some age-related personality factors, such as high levels of sensation seeking, may interfere with perceived levels of risk associated with particular hazards. This study focuses on the links between hazard perception, personality factors and driving skills. A computer-based hazard perception test was developed that consisted of real-life video clips that assessed major road hazards. In addition, a short hazard perception scale was used to be able to compare self-reported and computer-based hazard perception scores. Results were discussed on the basis of predictors and correlates of hazard perception.

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